Premature babies are those born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Births of multiples, including twins, triplets, or more, frequently take place early.
In instances like these and others, parents should be knowledgeable on how to care for a premature newborn.
According to the World Health Organization, 15 million infants are delivered prematurely every year. One million of them experience fatal outcomes from premature delivery.
The vast majority of babies who live also have cognitive and physical disabilities. Also, individuals could have sensory problems including poor eyesight or hearing.
What are the causes of premature birth?
Premature deliveries can result from pregnancy issues like high blood pressure and autoimmune diseases, among others, or contractions that happen between 20 and 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Is preventing premature birth possible?
A well-balanced diet is extremely important for healthy pregnancies, and studies have shown that eating foods like nuts, seeds, fish, and seed oils lowers the chance of preterm birth.
Smoking and taking alcohol should be avoided by expectant moms to lower the chance of a premature birth.
To keep track of both the mother’s and the unborn child’s health and development, expectant mothers should routinely seek prenatal care. Those who have experienced preterm births in the past should visit the doctor frequently.
Taking care of a premature infant
Although though giving birth to a premature child might be traumatizing for the mother, the child has a good chance of surviving if the woman gives birth at a hospital. Smaller and lighter premature infants can be monitored in a neonatal intensive care unit in contemporary medical centers.
Premature infants must be kept in an incubator because their virtually translucent skin and visible blood vessels make them vulnerable to the common cold and other illnesses.
Kangaroo Mother Care
The World Health Organization claims that feasible, affordable measures can save the majority of preterm infants. These include high-quality prenatal, postpartum, and postnatal care, the prevention and treatment of common infections, and kangaroo mother care, which is prolonged maternal contact with the infant.
The odds of a preterm baby surviving are considerably increased by Kangaroo mother care, according to the WHO’s recommendations for the care of the preterm. Moreover, it encourages healthy weight gain, controls respiration and heart rate, and improves sleep. For moms, KMC also boosts milk production and lowers the risk of postpartum depression.
Use breast milk
Breastfeeding has been shown to lower infection risks compared to infant formula, and it is strongly advised to enhance health outcomes for preterm and low birthweight newborns. For preterm infants, mother’s milk includes a unique concoction of nutrients that are very useful.
While safe and nourishing, infant formulae lack the antibodies and immune-stimulating components found in breast milk naturally. Think about a wet nurse or donor milk if you are unable to breastfeed.
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