Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in Americans. One reason for this onerous statistic is people often don’t learn they have lung cancer until it’s too late.
Lung cancer begins in the lungs but may spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, the first symptom someone notices is from lung cancer that has already spread. That makes it important to know the early signs of lung cancer so you can begin lung cancer treatment as soon as possible.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer in Your Lung
Like most cancers, the earlier the diagnosis, the better the chance of a cure. The problem is lung cancer symptoms can take years to develop. These are the symptoms for lung cancer before it spreads:
- A cough that does not go away
- Pain in your chest, shoulder or back
- Pain that gets worse when you cough
- A heavy amount of sputum (saliva and mucus)
- Coughing up blood or blood-tinged sputum
- Noisy breathing or wheezing
- Feeling short of breath
- A change in your voice or a hoarse voice
- Having frequent upper respiratory infections (bronchitis or pneumonia)
Symptoms of Lung Cancer That Has Spread
Lung cancer that has spread outside the lung is called metastatic lung cancer. Lung cancer can spread to your bones, brain, liver and your other lung. Symptoms of metastatic lung cancer may be the first symptoms of lung cancer you notice. They may include:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Poor appetite
- Loss of muscle mass
- Feeling tired all the time
- Body aches and pains
- Swelling of the face or neck
- Confusion or memory loss
- Clumsiness when walking
- A broken bone from a mild trauma
- Easy bleeding
Talking With Your Doctor
About 90% of lung cancers occur in people who are heavy smokers. You may have lung cancer before you have any symptoms. You may just feel a little “off” or unwell. If you are or have been a heavy smoker, talk with your doctor about screening for lung cancer.
Screening is testing for lung cancer before symptoms. The best screening test is an imaging study of your lungs, called a low-dose CT scan. This screening is recommended for heavy smokers who smoke now or have quit in the last 15 years and are 50 to 80 years old.
Don’t ignore any of the symptoms of lung cancer. If you are or have been a recent smoker, let your doctor know if you don’t feel quite right, even if the symptoms come and go. Ask your doctor if a screening test would be a good idea for you.